The ACT has become very popular on the East Coast in the past five years. Unlike the SAT, which is designed to measure reasoning and critical thinking skills, the ACT is designed to measure academic achievement in English, math, reading, and science. The ACT has an optional writing component for which students must register.
The SAT includes three sections: Verbal, Math, and Writing. Each section is scored from 200 to 800 points. The Writing component has a written essay that is scored from 1 to 6 points. The SAT is offered seven times per academic year.